Candida Skin

Candida Skin

Candida is a type of fungus that can cause serious skin infection. Although it is already present in humans, its growth is controlled by friendly bacteria present in the human body. Overgrowth of these fungi over the skin can cause candida skin infections, forming round red patches. Normally, this kind of infection is seen in elderly people whose skin is thin and forms wrinkle, however it can occur in adults and children as well. It also affects people having diabetes. Candida skin infection happens to warm and moist parts of the body which include the skin folds. Women may also develop them under their breast and at skin fold near the belly.

 

How Candida Skin Infections Can Occur:

– People with obesity are more prone to developing a skin infection due to fungus. This happens because obesity causes skin folds. Due to the presence of moisture at these skin folds, Candida yeast quickly starts growing and multiplying, causing Candida infections on the skin.
 
– Babies may develop a fungal skin infection if the diaper is not changed regularly.
 
– Elderly people with skin wrinkles can experience infections more often.
 
– Weakened immunity system and people using certain medicines and antibiotics.
 
– Women may develop certain Candida skin infections during pregnancy with unpleasant symptoms. Although this is temporary due to certain hormonal changes, but precaution is necessary during the pregnancy phase.

 

Symptoms of Skin Candida Infection

– Red rash under skin folds (armpits, under breast and groin)
 
– Generally, round in shape and itchy.
 
– Small blister like things with rash.
 
– Whitish yellow discharge.

 

The rash may also happen in places such as the armpits, groin, between toe fingers.This is because these parts of the body remain moist for most of the time, and become completely vulnerable to the Candida fungus. Candida fungus thrives in warm and moist places, thus people who sweat a lot or people overweight may experience Candida skin infections frequently.

It is also important to keep any cuts or splitting of the skin clean. The skin normally protects us from infection caused by external agents, but in unfavourable conditions Candida can cause infections quickly. In hot and humid weathers, Candida can become more active and start multiplying even quicker when conditions favour its growth. Therefore, having daily baths and maintaining a control over diet is also important. One must cut off the sugar intake if they find Candida infections occurring in any part of their body.

 

Treating Candida Skin Infection

 

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To understand a skin infection, physical examination is a must.  This will help identify if it is a skin infection or a simple rash. Symptoms can be sometime similar; hence often patients are treated wrongly. This adversely affects the patient when the patient is given some antibiotic. If the infection is recurrent and keeps coming after a while, major laboratory tests need to be performed to properly identify the type of species growing on the infected skin. Skin Candida infections can sometimes be treated using medicines from the drug store, but this won’t prevent the infection from returning back again in the future. So, it is more beneficial to use natural remedies and follow a proper Candida diet to prevent it reoccurring again in the future. If your using antifungal creams on a continuous basis, sometimes the Candida fungus can form resistance to it and do not respond to antifungals properly. This is when recurrent infections occur and need special care.

 

Other general ways to keep away from Candida skin infection include:

– Keep a clean skin
 
– Keeping the skin fold parts dry
 
– Avoided sharing of towels and handkerchief
 
– Wear light cotton clothes that allow air to pass through
 
– Keep diabetes in control
 
– Using creams and ointments can help keep your skin protected
 
– Keep your feet dry after bath.

If you see any signs of rash or pus or reddish coloration, you need to take care of that rash. Consult a physician and take regular medication and stay healthy.

To observe the effect of pathogenicity of Candida on the human skin model, a study was conducted in 2011. It stated that out of all other pathogens, Candida albicans was found to be the most common cause of fungal infections in human beings. This was concluded after observing that Candida albicans adhered to the human skin more than any other species. It also penetrates the skin after a day or so when in low concentrations, while for other species of bacteria of fungi it took a much higher concentration to have the same effect. (see image below)
 

Candida Albicans on Skin

Magnified images of the Candida fungus remaining on the skin for 1 day (left image) and 5 days (right image)

 

This images above shows Candida albicans yeast cells on the skin under microscope on the first day of the test (left image), then after 5 days the yeast cells are seen to have penetrated through the skin (right image) causing the skin to rupture and split.
 
From this study it is clear to say that due to its penetrating power, Candida albicans is far more effective in causing various fungal infections on human skin. So, it is essential to keep the skin clean and dry to avoid the spread of Candida on the skin.
 



Another study published by the American Diabetes Association to observe the pH on the intertriginous area due to Candida intertriginous. It was noted that the patients with diabetes had shown a higher pH in the axillary and inguinal parts, although the forearm showed no such change. The inframammary region (under the breast) in diabetic women showed higher pH than non-diabetic women. There was no such change noted in men for these specific regions. Only six patients were found to have infections resulting from Candida in these regions. This study clearly states that in diabetic patients, the pH level can rise indicating that the patient is more prone to get fungal infections than non-diabetic patients and this is more common in women than men.

 

References:

– Pathogenesis of Candida Infections on Human Skin – isrn Dermatology Journal
By A. Raz-Pasteur, Y. Ullmann, and I. Berdicevsky- 2011
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3262537/
 
– Skin Surface pH in NIDDM Patients – Diabetes Care Journal
By Gil Yosipovitch, Ethel Tur, Ohad Cohen, and Yael Rusecki– 1993
http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/16/4/560
 
– Andrews Diseases of the Skin E-Book
Book By: William D. James, Timothy Berger – 2011
 
– How I Cured My Life Long Candida Infection
Book By: Marvin Lee Robey
 
– PH and Skin Care
Book by: Monika-Hildegard & ‎Hans Christian – 2007
 
– Pediatric Infectious Diseases
Book By: Melvin I. Marks – 2012
 
– Baby Skin: A Leading Dermatologist’s Guide
Book By: Nelson Novick – 2000
 

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